26 September 2004

The toilet, etc.

The toilet is ntloana, or small house, in Sesotho. They say when you gotta go, you gotta go. But how do you declare such an intention? How do you ask those around you to show you where the small house is? Nothing simpler. Remember the following, however: [1.] In Sesotho you add -ng or -eng or -ing to a noun, turning the latter into "the place of + the original noun." Here are a few examples: Bolo (ball), bolong (stadium); joala (alcohol), joaleng (bar/pub/shebeen); leloala (mill), leloaleng (at the miller's); lebota (wall), leboteng (on the wall); 'mele (body), 'meleng (on the body); ntloana (toilet), ntloaneng (at/to/in the toilet).

[2.] Politely does it. Ke kopa ... is the formula you want to learn, and use when asking for things.
Ke kopa metsi.
May I have some water?
Ke kopa lijo.
May I have some food?
Ke kopa ho ea ntloaneng.
May I go to the toilet?
Ke kopa thuso.
I need your help.
Ke kopa pampiri
May I have some paper?

There is also ak'u mphe ..., another polite phrase when asking for things. It is rather informal when compared to ke kopa ..., and sounds something like /ah-comb-pair /. Ah-comb-pair pampiri, or "can you give me some paper." Learn some verbs, and you can take this quite far, indeed.

Ak'u mphe lijo (give me food)--ak'u mpont'se sepetlele (show me the hospital)--ak'u nthuse (help me). You can literally ak'u anything.

Toilets are often plain outhouses in the smaller villages of Lesotho (hence the name of small house, of course). Modern toilets with running water are a city luxury. There are no taboos that I can think of regarding toilets and toilet-going. Basotho regard toilet-going as something essential that has to be carried out, full-stop.

19 September 2004

Book: Understanding Everyday Sesotho

Understanding Everyday Sesotho
by Pam Wilken, B. Khotseng

List Price: $16.95
Price: $16.95 & eligible for FREE Super Saver Shipping on orders over $25. See details.

Availability: This title usually ships within 1 to 2 months. Please note that special order titles occasionally go out of print, or publishers run out of stock. These hard-to-find titles are not discounted and are subject to an additional charge of $1.99 per book due to the extra cost of ordering them. We will notify you within 2-3 weeks if we have trouble obtaining this title -- Learn more
3 used & new from $12.00
Edition: Paperback
[ Source... ]

10 September 2004

Private Sector Advisory Committee

Private Sector Advisory Committee = Komiti ea Boeletsi ea Lefapha la Phetisetso ea Likhoebo tsa 'Muso Sechabeng;

Employee Share Ownership Scheme = Morero oa Karolelo ea Liabo tsa Khamphani ho Basebetsi.
[ Source... ]
Isn't it interesting that the email address provided behind the above link leads to Adelfang, the company that seems to be occupying our national cyberspace? I don't know what it means.

05 September 2004

Hospital Sesotho

This is a nice page about hospital Sesotho, or Seboche Hospital Sesotho, to be exact. Well, it is their page; I happen to think they've done a marvellous, albeit simple job. Are you a doctor going to or already working in Lesotho? A visitor to Lesotho who might need to see a doctor? Are you learning or teaching Sesotho? These are who the page in question is for. Here's an excerpt:

Doctors directions to a patient

Rola katiba. Take your hat off
Hlobola. Undress
Tsola. Strip (From the waist down)
Ema tsoe. Stand up straight
Inama. Bend down
Inamoloha. Stand up again
Mphuralle. Turn your back to me
Hetla. Look over your shoulder
Reteleha. Turn round again
Sheba koano. Look this way
Sheba bocmna. Look the other way
Sika ngoana mangoleng. Hold the child on your lap
Mo hlobolise. Undress him
Mo furalate. Turn his back towards me
Mo reteletse. Turn him round again
Theola kobo. Pull your blanket down
[...]
Phetla mose. Lift up your skirt
Konopolla. Unbutton
Konopela. Button up
Lokolla lebanta. Loosen your belt
Theola borikhoe. Pull your trousers down
Bo nyolle. Pull them up
[...]
Apara. Dress
Rabalan fatse. Lie down
Kakalla. Lie on your back
Koba mangole. Bend your knees
Inganole. Part your bended legs
Takalatsa. Stretch out both legs
Paqama. Lie on your stomach
Phethoha. Turn over
Robala ka lehlakore. Lie on your side
Haba mpa. Draw your tummy in
Hlephisa 'mele. Relax
Tiisa mesifa. Tighten your muscles
Phahamisa leoto. Lift your foot
[ Read... ]